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Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) in Raptor Research

collage o fowl tagging

  • looking through binocularstwo owlstwo student holding owlstudent holding owl


    Thank you for your interest.  We do not anticipate accepting applications for Summer 2018 as our funding for this REU Site has reached its completion.  Should a future application for renewed funding be successful, we will solicit applications accordingly. The earliest that a program would recommence is Summer 2019.

    The REU Site in Raptor Research (REU-RR) is funded by the National Science Foundation and Boise State University.  REU-RR is a 10-week summer research program located at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. Field and laboratory research projects are available for students.

    The goal of the REU-Raptor Research site is to engage undergraduates in biological research using birds of prey (hawks, owls, falcons, and eagles) as model systems.  Though partnerships among the Department of Biological Sciences and Raptor Research Center at Boise State University, The Peregrine Fund, Inc., Intermountain Bird Observatory, College of Western Idaho, and the Morley Nelson Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area, undergraduates will spend 10 weeks conducting field and/or laboratory research under the guidance of experienced mentors from academia, government, and NGOs.  Students also  participate in a core program that includes workshops on the biology of diurnal and nocturnal birds of prey, endangered species restoration, responsible conduct of research, applying to graduate school, the publication process, and communication in science.  The summer research experience for REU-RR participants culminates with a statewide interdisciplinary summer undergraduate research conference (ICUR) that provides participants the opportunity to communicate their work to a diverse audience of students and scientists.

    Program Dates for Future Summers are TBD

    Applications are now closed.  Please see the Application Tab for additional information and to apply to REU-Raptor Research.  Please know that REU-Raptor Research welcomes your application. We are especially interested in receiving applications from groups underrepresented in science (women and racial minorities), first generation college students, persons with disabilities, veterans of military service, and students from institutions where research opportunities in STEM are limited.
    If you have questions, please see FAQ tab or contact:
    Dr. Jim Belthoff, REU-RR
    Department of Biological Sciences and
    Raptor Research Center
    Boise State University
    Boise, ID 83725

  • Boise, Idaho is known throughout the world as a hub for raptor research. It is home to the Raptor Research Center (RRC) at Boise State University, The Peregrine Fund’s World Center for Birds of Prey, the Intermountain Bird Observatory at Boise State University, the Morley Nelson Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area, and the Raptor Biology Graduate Program in the Department of Biological Sciences (DBS) at Boise State University.

    The REU-Raptor Research is designed to use raptor research as a model to understand biological phenomena and interactions, and to provide participants opportunity for a cohort experience, mentored research, and professional development. Research on raptors will use modern tools to address questions ranging from molecular ecology to ecosystem processes and span both basic and applied topics of science related to birds of prey.  Students will gain broad exposure as well as focused study on individual research projects.


    For questions please see FAQ tab above or contact:
    Dr. Jim Belthoff, REU-RR
    Department of Biological Sciences and
    Raptor Research Center
    Boise State University
    Boise, ID 83725

  • Below are some of the mentors for REU-Raptor Research.  Note that some mentors may not have openings each year, and some mentors may have several openings in a given year for REU students.  It is likely that mentors not listed below with expertise in raptor biology will also participate.  However, the list below should give students an idea of the research areas of mentors and collaborative opportunities.

    Dr. David Anderson

    Program Director for The Peregrine Fund’s Gyrfalcon and Tundra Conservation Project

    Research Interests: I am the Program Director for The Peregrine Fund’s Gyrfalcon and Tundra Conservation project.  MLesson of tying harnessesy goal is to learn how climate change may affect the breeding biology and population status of Gyrfalcons throughout the Arctic through a series of cascading effects that ripple through the entire tundra ecosystem.  This is a new program, and we are starting field studies in western Alaska on Gyrfalcon diet, and factors related to population biology like productivity, occupancy, and nest site selection.  See Dr. Anderson’s Peregrine Fund web page here. Dr. Anderson’s Raptor Research Center web page.

    Dr. Marc Bechard

    Professor, Department of Biological Sciences and Director Raptor Research Center, Boise State UniversityMarc Bechard

    Research Interests: I am interested in plants and animals, particularly birds. I have conducted botanical and air pollution research projects but more recently have turned to ecological studies of the habitat needs of such birds of prey as eagles, hawks, falcons, and ospreys with the aim of helping to preserve biological diversity.

    • Northern Goshawk Breeding Ecology in aspen forests of Nevada. With the help of two graduate students, I have addressed the issue of habitat requirements of this species when nesting in an unusual setting like high- elevation aspen forests.
    • Swainson’s Hawk Migration. I am conducting satellite telemetry study in cooperation with several federal, state and private entities to document the routes and wintering areas of this species in while it migrates to Argentina.
    • Kestrel Population Ecology. I am conducting a long-term study of the longevity and lifetime reproduction of American kestrels that breed in nest boxes in an agricultural setting

    Visit Marc Bechard’s faculty page here.

    Dr. Jim Belthoff

    Professor, Department of Biological Sciences and Raptor Research Center, Boise State University and PI on REU-Raptor ResearchJim Belthoff lecturing in the field

    Research Interests: Much of my research focuses on the biology, behavior, and ecology of owls and other birds.  I’m interested in dispersal, migration, mating systems, territoriality, ectoparasites and disease ecology, and how habitat conversion to agriculture affects birds of prey.  I have current projects related to the population biology, behavioral ecology, ectoparasites, and conservation of burrowing owls; roadway mortality and ecology of barn owls; and the behavioral ecology of flammulated owls and western screech-owls. Visit Jim Belthoff’s faculty page here.

    Dr. Jay Carlisle

    Research Director, Intermountain Bird Observatory (IBO) and Department of Biological Sciences, Boise State University

    Jay carlisle holding hawkResearch Interests: Jay’s research interests are focused on the stopover ecology, habitat needs, and conservation of migratory land birds in the West and in Latin America. He has authored and co-authored over 15 peer-reviewed publications, many of which focus on migration and stopover issues, as well as numerous technical reports. He also dreams of establishing a year-round research program that would include migration and wintering studies in Latin America. Equally important, Jay really enjoys the outreach aspects of IBO’s many programs and hopes that IBO can be instrumental in instilling a conservation ethic in and around the communities in which we work. In 2010, Jay and several colleagues at Idaho Department of Fish and Game began working to form the Idaho Bird Conservation Partnership (IBCP), an effort designed to contribute to the management, science delivery, outreach, and conservation of birds and their habitats in Idaho via enhanced collaboration and communication. Jay is now excited to be serving as the part-time coordinator for the IBCP. In his free time, Jay enjoys birding, soccer, hiking, biking, trying to speak Spanish, and international travel. Visit Jay Carlisle’s page here.

    Dr. Todd Katzner

    Affiliate Faculty, Raptor Research Center, Boise State University and U.S. Geological Survey

    Research Interests: Research in my lab group focuses on interactions between wildlife and human activity. For example, much of my research is geared towards understanding flight and movement behavior ofTodd Katzner golden eagles, so that we can use that understanding to predict risk to eagles from development of wind turbines. My team also studies questions related to distribution, abundance, health and behavior of wildlife on the landscape and how those patterns are influenced by human activity. Although we publish on many taxa, most of our work is focused on birds, especially large soaring birds of prey. Avian habitat associations, annual movements; Raptor population dynamics, survey and monitoring, food habits; natural resources conservation. Visit Todd Katzner’s USGS page here.

    Dr. Julie Heath

    Associate Professor, Department of Biological Sciences and Raptor Research Center, Boise State University

    Julie Heath holding perigrine falconResearch Interests: My lab addresses questions about how birds survive and reproduce in human-dominated environments. We use physiological and behavioral ecology approaches to understand interactions between global change and bird populations. Much of the research in my lab has focused on avian reproduction and migration. Studies that aid in our understanding of the links between habitat conditions and the physiological or behavioral mechanisms that are driving population declines can help inform wildlife management and aid in the conservation of declining species. Visit Julie Heath’s faculty page here.

    Greg Kaltenecker

    Executive Director, Intermountain Bird Observatory (IBO), Boise State University

    greg and daughter aylaResearch Interests: One of Greg’s objectives was to provide an exciting and real-life research and training opportunity for Boise State students while conducting long-term research and community outreach. Greg’s research passion is bird migration, and his lifelong pursuit is to educate the public about birds, science, and conservation. He believes that a strong public community presence is critical to being an effective scientist and the easiest way to accomplish conservation is through active public engagement. The most rewarding part of his life is sharing his passion with the local public, and introducing children to birds, nature, and the outdoors. In his spare time, Greg can be found enjoying the public lands of Idaho while fishing, hunting, and hiking. His thoughts and efforts focus on his family including wife Deniz and two daughters Ayla and Alara. He daydreams often of his favorite outdoor pursuit: saltwater fly fishing, and Greg and family vacation to the sea as much as possible to chase this passion. Visit Greg Kaltenecker’s page here.

    Dusty Perkinsdusty perkins holding bird

    Assistant Professor, Department of Life Sciences, College of Western Idaho and Affiliate Research Scientist, Boise State University

    Research Interests:  My research interests include conservation biology, population genetics and ecology. My work uses molecular approaches to address questions related to population structure, gene flow, and the evolutionary and demographic processes that shape genetic diversity. My research also focuses on evaluating the impacts of human activities and land management practices on the food habits and breeding ecology of animal populations.

    Dr. Jim Smith

    Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Boise State University

    Research Interests: My laboratory focuses on molecular approaches to addressing evolutionary questions in animals and plants. Advances in the past 20+ years have enabled the use of DNA to rapidly answer many important biological questions in a cost-effective manner. Among these are questions relating to gene flow, population structure, species boundaries, source of migrants, and identifying species using DNA barcoding, all of which can be applied to raptor biology. Visit Jim Smith’s faculty page here.

  • Below are some examples of potential projects.  The projects on which REU participants work may include one or more of these or others not listed depending on student and mentor interest at the time of selection of REU participants and as Summer 2016 approaches.

    Dr. David Anderson’s Projects

    Relationship between shifts in the timing of the availability of alternative prey, and their potential affects on reproductive success in Gyrfalcons and other raptors in Alaska

    Gyrfalcons (Falco rusticolus) have an interesting diet.  Early in the breeding season the only type of prey that is available to them are ptarmigan (Lagopus spp.).  As other types of prey become available later in the breeding seasons, such as migratory birds or young squirrels and foxes, they gradually incorporate these into the diet as well.

    The goal of this project is model the complex relationship between shifts in the timing of the availability of alternative prey, and their potential affects on reproductive success in Gyrfalcons.  Diet studies are based on videos at the nest and the collection of prey remains.  REU-RR students will have the opportunity to analyze the diet composition of Gyrfalcons, or other raptors of the Seward Peninsula, such as Golden Eagles and Rough-legged Hawks.

    Dr. Marc Bechard’s Projects

    Habitat use by Argentine turkey vultures migrating to Bolivia

    The movement ecology of migrating raptors is poorly understood, often because of the great distances these birds cover during annual movements. The development of satellite telemetry has greatly facilitated data collection. I have been conducting collaborative research with Hawk Mountain Sanctuary (Orwigsburg, PA) on the movements of migrating turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) in Argentina. Turkey vultures were equipped with satellite transmitters and have been tracked for three years. Sufficient data are now available to characterize the movement ecology of the vultures and address research questions about the factors influencing vulture movement.

    The goal of this project is to use GIS to understand the spatial ecology and migration patterns of vultures. The REU-RR student will evaluate hypotheses concerning spatial use, age-related differences in the timing of migration, and habitat use on wintering grounds and along migration routes. The REU-RR student will have the opportunity to learn about satellite telemetry and GIS and interact with graduate students and other collaborators at Hawk Mountain Sanctuary.

    Dr. Jim Belthoff’s Projects

    Research in the Belthoff lab focuses on avian ecology, behavior, population dynamics, management, and conservation.

    Roadway mortality of barn owls (Tyto alba) along a local interstate highway

    Dead Barn Owl along interstateThousands of barn owls die annually along this highway; in fact, we have documented among the highest roadway mortality rates of owls reported world-wide. Our research is focused on deciphering the factors contributing to the high rates and experimentally testing mitigation alternatives to reduce collisions. We also use the carcasses to address hypotheses related to evolution or the biology of birds; e.g., two recent papers tested relationships between plumage ornamentation and individual quality, and whether beak and claw morphology is related to ectoparasite prevalence and intensity.

    The goal of this project is to document barn owl use of the highway corridor. REU-RR participants will document 1) barn owl activity using radiotelemetry, 2) the effects of mortality on population dynamics using occupancy and demographic modeling, 3) the role of perch availability in influencing highway mortality, or 4) the effect of small mammal abundance on owls along roads. Some overnight travel from Boise will occur required.

    Burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia) behavior in relation to anthropogenic changes

    Using a variety of field experiments and follow up laboratory studies, we examine the behavioral ecology of burrowing taking samples from burrowing owlowls in the Morley Nelson Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area. REU-RR students will learn how to capture, handle, and mark burrowing owls, obtain feather and other tissue samples for analysis, and conduct field field ecology and behavior research.

    Genetic population structure, mating systems, and sex ratio variation in western screech-owls (Megascops asio), burrowing owls, and barn owls

    This study will use blood samples collected during long-term studies of these species. REU-RR participants will combine field and laboratory studies to address questions about multiple parentage in nests, genetic diversity within and between populations, offspring sex ratios, relationship between morphology and sex, or to identify the source populations of barn owls dying along the interstate.

    Dr. Jay Carlisle and Greg Kaltenecker’s Projects

    Breeding biology of northern goshawks in southern Idaho

    The IBO and Boise State partner with the USDA Sawtooth National Forest to study breeding northern goshawks (Accipiter gentilis), a species of special concern for many land management agencies, in southern Idaho. This population has been studied for the past decade for occupancy and productivity at a subset of historic nesting territories. The population is unusual in that (1) it occurs in an area lacking tree squirrels, which are important prey in virtually every other portion of this species’ geographic range, and (2), though the species typically is found in coniferous forests, in the South Hills it resides in both aspen (Populus tremuloides) and coniferous forests.

    The goal of this project is to examine and model the complex relationship between prey availability and habitat structure of nesting areas with occupancy and nesting success. Studies are planned that focus on the importance of annual variation in prey availability, genetic population structure, demography, and the impacts of endo- and ectoparasites on nestling health and survival. REU-RR students will gain field experience and draw from published literature to design their research questions. Students will have access to long-term data sets to address novel questions on raptor migration, predator-prey dynamics, and/or aspects of northern goshawk nesting ecology. Field experience will include prey availability sampling (count transects and songbird mist-netting), nest-searching, capture/banding of northern goshawk nestlings and breeding adults, and collection of blood, ectoparasites, and/or feather samples. Some overnight travel of REU-RR students from Boise is required.

    Dr. Julie Heath’s Projects

    Human activities are driving rapid changes in climate and land use (e.g., increased suburban sprawl and recreation in wild areas) and these human-induced changes are affecting avian life histories and population ecology. Research in the Heath lab is aimed at identifying the underlying behavioral and physiological mechanisms that facilitate or constrain avian responses to environmental change.

    Identifying plants and secondary compounds in nest material of golden eagles

    In the Morley Nelson Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area, nestling golden eagles may be exposed to a several types of ectoparasites including ticks, blowflies, and bed bugs.  Preliminary evidence suggests that adult eagles decorate nests with aromatic plants that may reduce the number of ectoparasites on nestlings.  This project will focus on identifying plants in eagle nests, and secondary metabolites of those plants in lab analyses, and studies of the bedbugs.   This is a collaborative project with 2 graduate students, Dr. Heath, Dr. Jennifer Forbey, and Dr. Ian Robertson.  The REU student will be involved in both field and laboratory work.

    Studying trade-offs between different migratory strategies in a changing climate

    In southwest Idaho, minimum winter temperatures have warmed significantly over the past 20 years and the number of American kestrels over-wintering in Idaho has significantly increased. Over-wintering kestrels nest earlier in the breeding season than migrant kestrels and are likely to have higher reproductive success because the timing of reproduction has important implications for local fitness (i.e., nestlings hatched early in the season have a higher probability of survival and recruitment than nestlings hatched later in the season). Also, during the last 23 years, American kestrel nesting phenology has advanced by ~13 days. The goal of this project is to work with an American kestrel nest box population that has been studied since 1992 to study the effects of climate change on population ecology. Potential investigations include: 1) Examining the morphological differences between over-wintering and migrant birds; 2) Determining the costs or trade-offs of over-wintering near Idaho breeding areas; and 3) Exploring endogenous and exogenous factors that contribute to the seasonal decline in fecundity. REU students will participate in field and lab work.  Lab work may involve stable isotope analysis of claw samples to identify migratory strategies of nesting birds.

    Dr. Todd Katzner’s Projects

    Golden eagle movements and behavior at carcasses

    Over the past 10 years or so, my team has telemetered about 200 birds of prey with GPS-GSM telemetry systems that collect GPS data at extremely short time intervals. We have also deployed hundreds of trail cameras on the landscape to photographically document distribution and abundance of wildlife. REU students who work with me will probably focus on addressing research questions tied to these existing datasets, although we may also do a small amount of field work with large raptors locally.

    Dusty Perkin’s Projects

    Osprey (Pandion hailaetus) Habitat Suitability and Breeding Success in West-Central Idaho

    Osprey (Pandion hailaetus) populations have been a focal point of conservation and study since their decline during the 1950s-1970s. Despite strong population Osprey in nestrecoveries in most regions of the USA, the density of breeding ospreys in some areas appears highly variable; with many localities unoccupied despite the apparent existence of quality habitat. Our research is focused on evaluating and quantifying the diversity of abiotic and biotic factors that affect osprey nest occupancy, breeding success and productivity in a human-dominated ecosystem in Long Valley, ID. To accomplish this, we use a diversity of field techniques as well as geospatial analyses to quantify and test the relative impacts of a several variables related to site characteristics, water quality, habitat, prey availability, human disturbance and environmental contaminants.

    The goal of this project is to explore the influences of nest site characteristics, prey availability and human disturbance on osprey site occupancy and breeding success. This field season, we will expand our efforts to collect and analyze data for water body characteristics as well as land use and cover. REU-RR participants will be mentored through each step ofgroup taking picture of Osprey list the research process and will learn how to use field research techniques to study osprey breeding biology. Participants will gain experience collecting data for habitat evaluations and making observations to quantify human disturbance and will learn to handle, measurement and mark osprey nestlings. Some overnight travel from Boise will be required.

    Dr. Jim Smith’s Projects

    Raptor population genetics

    Dr. Smith’s laboratory focuses on molecular approaches to addressing evolutionary questions. Advances in the past 20+ years have enabled the use of DNA to rapidly answer many important biological questions in a cost-effective manner. Among these are questions relating to gene flow, population structure, species boundaries, source of migrants, and identifying species using DNA barcoding, all of which can be applied to raptor biology.

    The goal of this project is to conduct population genetic studies of raptors using microsatellite markers that have already been developed for American kestrels, burrowing owls, barn owls, and western screech-owls. DNA can be extracted from either blood or feather samples and and analyzed. REU-RR participants could engage in any of several investigations. For example, a student with a strong interest in population genetics could analyze samples already collected.  Or a student could gain experience in field and laboratory techniques by spending time with one mentor to learn field techniques and sample collection and then spend the remaining time conducting DNA analyses. All REU-RR participants under my direction, regardless of their focus, will be given detailed and personal instruction on each of the techniques to be employed (DNA extraction, PCR amplification, running gels, scoring data, and data analysis and interpretation).

  • REU-Raptor Research Benefits for Participants

    • REU-RR participants present the results of their research
      Student Research Conference

      REU-RR participants present the results of their research during an interdisciplinary undergraduate research conference.

    • Image of researchers banding Burrowing Owls
      Hands-on Research

      REU-RR participants gain hands on research experience with birds of prey and their habitats.

    • Sign for Morley Nelson Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area
      Snake River Birds of Prey Area

      REU-RR participants will have opportunity to work within the world-famous Morley Nelson Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area.

    • REU Student holding nestling Osprey
      Osprey Banding

      REU Student with nestling Osprey near Lake Cascade, Idaho

    • Checking a nest stand
      Ferruginous Hawks

      Banding Ferruginous Hawks in the Morley Nelson Snake River Birds of Prey Area

    • Osprey Banding near Cascade, Idaho
      Osprey Banding

      Osprey Banding near Cascade, Idaho

    • Climbing Seminar
      Climbing Seminar

      Learning climbing techniques to access raptor nests

    • Baby Hawk
      Ferruginous Hawks

      Ornithological Research

    Our summer research program is an excellent way for students to gain skills and prepare for graduate school and a career in a STEM field.  In addition to the research experiences and professional development opportunities afforded by REU-RR, each participant will receive:
    1. A stipend of $5,250
    2. Campus housing
    3. A supplement for purchase of some meals, and
    4. Travel expenses to and from Boise
    5. Potential to apply for travel funding to attend national conference
    6. Participation in Idaho Conference on Undergraduate Research (ICUR)

    students releasing birdstudents out in the field

    For questions please see FAQ tab above or contact:

    Dr. Jim Belthoff, REU-RR
    Department of Biological Sciences and
    Raptor Research Center
    Boise State University
    Boise, ID 83725


    We welcome applications from students interested in a variety of biological disciplines who are interested in field or laboratory research.  We are especially interested in receiving applications from groups underrepresented in science (i.e., women and racial minorities), first generation college students, persons with disabilities, those returning from military service, and students from institutions where research opportunities in STEM are limited.


    To be eligible for the REU-RR program, you must:

    1. Be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident
    2. Not be graduating with your undergraduate degree until at least Fall 2016
    3. Be a full-time college or university student, and
    4. Be available for full-time program participation and research during the 10-week summer program.

    Application Instructions for REU-Raptor Research (NOTE:  NO APPLICATIONS ARE CURRENTLY BEING ACCEPTED. Please check back for possible Summer 2019 program):

    To apply to our program you must complete Step 1 and Step 2 below:

    1.  Complete the online application by the February 16, 2016 priority deadline (Applications are currently closed and will not open until at least Summer 2019).
    The online application requests the following information (which should be assembled prior to starting the form):

    • Contact information
    • Academic information that includes colleges/universities attended, major, year in school, expected graduation date, GPA (overall and science/math), and grades for up to 10 science/math courses.
    • An electronic copy of college transcripts (unofficial is suitable) that includes Fall 2015 grades and Spring 2016 classes in which you are registered.
    • Education and career plans.
    • Demographic and background information, including citizenship status, race/ethnicity, military experience, and parent/guardian education information.
    • Two short essays (each no more than 300 words) that describe 1) why you want to participate and what you expect to get out of the program, and 2) any prior relevant experience (e.g., research, laboratory classes, employment, etc.). We suggest preparing your essays in advance using word processing software and then copying the text into the form when you are ready to submit the application.

    The previous online application is at the link below (Note: we are not currently accepting applications)


    2. Request two letters of reference from academic faculty.

    • At least one of the references must be able to comment on your potential for independent research. Both should attempt to comment on your interest in science, motivation, work ethic, etc.
    • Request that the reference providers submit their letters/comments at the following website:
    •  Request that the letters be submitted by the application deadline.

    Applications received on or before the application deadline will be given priority. Later applications may be considered if there are still openings in the program. Any questions should be directed to Dr. Jim Belthoff via the contact information below. Email correspondence is preferred.

  • REU-Raptor Research: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    We are happy to answer questions that prospective applicants to our REU-Raptor Research Site may have.  However, please check the following for answers to frequently asked questions before contacting us.

    1. How many students are supported in the REU-Raptor Research Site?

    We typically have funding to support 8-10 students per year.

    2. When will I hear about the decision on my application?

    Finalists are typically selected in mid-March of each year.

    3. If I graduate in Spring 2016, am I eligible to participate in the REU program in Summer 2016?

    Unfortunately, no.  NSF stipulates that all REU participants must be current undergraduates.

    4. If I am still in school or some other engagement will not allow me to start the REU program on the specified date, am I still eligible to apply?

    Yes.  We have a field in the application for students to indicate when they can start the program.  While it is preferable that all students start the program together, at times individual research projects may allow a slightly later start.

    5. The application asks for two reference letters from academic faculty.  If I do not have close relationships with academic faculty, is it OK if one of the letters comes from my employer or a graduate teaching assistant/postdoc?

    Yes, although letters from faculty are preferred when possible.

    6. Can I receive academic credit for the summer experience?

    Yes.  Students may work with either their home institution or Boise State University to pursue academic credit for the experience.  Often this is in the form of internship credit, undergraduate research credit, capstone course credit, or similar.

    Image of students on the Friendship bridge

    Summer 2015 REU-Raptor Research Students on the Boise State University campus with Edward Wilson’s “Letters to a Young Scientist”