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Biology-Secondary Education

The Biology/Secondary Education career assists students in developing the knowledge, skills, values, and disposition essential for success in teaching. The option is designed to meet the academic needs of those students intending to teach biology in a public or private junior or senior high school. Reflective teachers adjust their teaching approaches and learning environment to the needs and backgrounds of their students. We believe successful teachers must be committed to acquisition of and continuous renewal of knowledge in their subject area and they must also be committed to the development of a pedagogy conducive to a high level of achievement for all students. Therefore, course work combines content knowledge with the study of curriculum and methodology.

Students preparing for a teaching endorsement in biology may select to major or minor in biology. The Department of Biological Sciences requires 45 credits of Biology, Botany and/or Zoology for a major teaching endorsement or 20 credits for a minor endorsement. In addition, required Biology, Botany and/or Zoology courses may have a chemistry or mathematics pre-requisite. (See curricula below.)

A 1992 Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory survey of Idaho’s secondary schools indicated that the percentage of teachers of biology, chemistry, physics and earth science holding major certification in those subjects were 30, 18, 10, and 8%, respectively. These results suggest that Idaho science teachers are expected to teach in more than one subject field. Therefore, to be competitive in the job market, it is highly recommended that a Biology/Secondary Education major have a minor teaching endorsement in a second field. Those fields chosen most often for minor endorsements are chemistry, earth science, physics, mathematics, and environmental studies. For information on Chemistry, Earth Science, Physics, or Mathematics minor endorsement requirements, you are directed to the respective home pages of each department.

To help Biology/Secondary Education students develop methods useful in converting science content to a teachable hands-on format, science and environmental education workshops for pre-service and in-service teachers are offered throughout the year.

Students preparing to become secondary school teachers must apply and be accepted for admission to secondary teacher education. Admission to secondary education is required before a student may enroll in any upper-division teacher education course, and all admission requirements must be completed before admission will be granted. Applications are made through the Office of Teacher Education Advising. Each secondary education student must be reviewed and approved by the Teacher Education Professional Standards Committee, and must maintain approval throughout the program. Committee approval is based on the student’s academic record (a minimum GPA of 2.5 in biology is required) and skills, behavioral characteristics, and dispositions necessary for success as a teacher. A further description and discussion may be found in the Secondary Education Student Handbook and in the Code of Ethics of the Idaho Teaching Profession.

Students with previously earned degrees in biology may develop individualized programs for endorsement. The programs must be approved by the Biology and Teacher Education Departments and may include graduate courses applicable to a master’s degree. Within the Department of Biological Sciences, Drs. Serpe & Long serve as academic advisors to most Biology/Secondary Education students. These advisors have information concerning certification requirements and endorsements for Idaho residents.

A TIP: Secondary schools often look for individuals who not only can teach coursework in their major field, but can also fulfill other roles such as athletic coach, debate coach, etc. It is therefore a good idea to strengthen coursework in those extracurricular fields (there is, for example, an athletic coaching endorsement within the Kinesiology Dept.) and to gain experience (for example, by volunteering to help a debate team at a local school).

Biology, Secondary EducationBachelor of Science
Course Number and Title Credits
ENGL 101-102 English Composition 6
Area I — see catalog for list of approved courses
Area I core course in one field
Area I core course in a second field
Area I core course in a third field
Area I core course in any field
3
3
3
3
Area II –  see catalog for list of approved courses
EDUC 201 Foundations of Education
Area II core course in a second field
Area II core course in a third field
Area II core course in any field
COMM 101 and COMM 112 are approved Area II courses and are options below
3
3
3
3
Area IIIArea III requirements are automatically met by specific courses included in the major requirements below.
BIOL 191-192 General Biology I & II
*BIOL 198 Perspectives in the Biological Sciences
BIOL 301 Cell Biology
BIOL 323 Ecology
BIOL 343 Genetics Lecture
BIOL 401 Organic Evolution
BIOL 488 Senior Outcomes Assessment
*Biology 198 is not required, but is recommended for new majors
8
(1)
3
4
3
3
0
CHEM 111-112 College Chemistry
CHEM 317, 319 Organic Chemistry and Lab OR
Chem 307-308 and 309-310 Organic Chemistry I-II and Labs
9
5-10
EDTECH 202 Educational Technology – Classroom Applications 3
*EDUC 301 Teaching Experience I
*EDUC 302 Learning and Instruction
(EDUC 301, 302, and 350 must be taken together)
*EDUC 350 Teaching Students with Exceptional Needs
*EDUC 401 Teaching Experience II
*EDUC 444 Content Literacy for Secondary Students
(EDUC 401, 402, and 404 must be taken together)
*EDUC 404 Teaching Secondary Science*Secondary School Student Teaching

NOTE: *You must apply for admission to secondary teacher education in order to enroll in these upper-division education courses.Completion of all requirements for graduation with a secondary education option may require more than 128 credit hours. See “Department of Curriculum, Instruction and Foundational Studies” for more information.

1
43
2
3

3

16

MATH 147 Precalculus  OR
MATH 143 College Algebra AND MATH 144 Trigonometry
MATH 160 Survey of Calculus OR
MATH 170, 171 Calculus I and Lab
MATH 254 Applied Statistics with the Computer
5
4-54
COMM 311 Speech Communication for Teachers 3
One of the following communication courses:
COMM 101 Fundamentals of Speech Communication
COMM 112 Reasoned Discourse
COMM 231 Public Speaking
COMM 356 Communication in Small Group
ENGL 202 Technical Communication
COMM 101 and COMM 112 can be counted as fulfilling part of Area II core requirements.
3

In addition, either (a) complete a major endorsement in biology, or (b) complete a major endorsement in biology and an additional endorsement in a separate field.

(a) Major Endorsement in Biology
BIOL 205 Microbiology 4
Physiology (one course):
BOT 401 Plant Physiology
ZOOL 401 Human Physiology
ZOOL 409 General and Comparative Physiology
4
Taxonomy-intensive courses (one course)
BIOL 412 General Parasitology
BOT 305 Systematic Botany
BOT 330 Mycology
ZOOL 305 Entomology
ZOOL 341 Ornithology
ZOOL 355 Vertebrate Natural History
ZOOL 421 Mammalogy
ZOOL 425 Aquatic Entomology
3-4
Upper-division BIOL, BOT, and ZOOL electives to total 45 biology credits* 12-13
Total 143-144
*A maximum of 2 credits total in any combination of department approved workshops, internship, and independent study may be counted towards upper-division biology credit.
(b) Major Endorsement in Biology with a
Minor Endorsement in a Second Field
Upper-division BIOL, BOT, and ZOOL courses to total 30 biology credits,including one ZOOL course and BOT course*
This represents a minimum: students should take more biology courses if possible, including BIOL 205 Microbiology.
9
Minor endorsement in a second field 20-32
Total 148-161
Biology Minor Certification Endorsement
Course Number and Title Credits
BIOL 191-192 General Biology I & II
BIOL 301 Cell Biology
BIOL 323 Ecology
BIOL 343 Genetics Lecture
BIOL 401 Organic Evolution
8
3
4
3
3
Physiology (one course)
BOT 401 Plant Physiology
ZOOL 401 Human Physiology
ZOOL 409 General and Comparative Physiology
4
Total 25